Tourist Hubs in Kathmandu Valley

KATHMAUNDU
Situated at 1350m elevation,the Kathmandu Basin which looks out on trhisparkling Humalayas enjoy a warm climate year-0 roundthtat markes living here pleasanst. The city of kathmandu sit salmost in the middle of the basink forming a square about 5km norht-south and 5km east-west. And on the  east  by a tributary of the  Bagmati. It wa sthe site of kthehancfient kingdom on Nepal andis now itt s capital, being the center of government, economy,and  culture.
Kantipath , the main street, cuts theough kathmandu on a north –south axis. On the left side of this street are theancient  palaace and bazaar bustling with activity,not unlike a downtown area. The right side, on kthe other hand , has an open ,reladxed air created by Rani pokhara and ratna park. What most interests the traeller no doubt is contact with the peopleof  Nepal. In the city the three  roads- indrachok, Asan Tole, and New road- enclos ethe ancient royal palace. The area, crowded with natives and tourists, overflows with vitality as shops setting dried food ,grains, fresh foood, clothing sundries, and souvenirs abound, Nepal include many diverse tribes and differiing religions is surely a product o fthe balanced sensibility and wisdom in Nepal.
From the airoport it is  a15 minute taxi ride through paddies to the cnter of kathmandu leave  your baggage at your hotel and beginsightseeing at the old Roual palace.though  you may use taxis or richsnaws, it is best to acquaint yourself with kathmandu on foot.

HANUMAHN DHOKA(Old Royal Palace)
This was the cennter of government and ecomomy before the  persent palace was built. The statue of the god HANUMAN (Monkey God ) stands at the entrance. It is surrounded by the royol family temple, Taleju,and many other temple and pagodas. The grandeur and elegance of the architectuer are breathtaking, and if you climb to the top the pagoda on tehpalace gorunds you may enjoy a fine view of kathmandu.

KAL BHAIRAB
Located near the entrance to Hanuman Dhoka, this is astatue displaying the Hindu god Shiva’s anger. He is said to be the god of destruction.

KUMARI TEMPLE(Living God )
Near the old rayal palace,this is the residence of the living vrigin chosen at the age of four or five. She is forbidden all contact  with her family until maturity she appears at the Indra jatta festival. 

KASTAMANDAP
Ancient temple belived to be theorigin of the name kathmandu. Built from one large tree in the 16th century.

BAZAAR
The area with the most shops and open air shops along Asan Tole and Indrachok. Standing cheek-by – jowl on the narrow streetsaremany large adnsmalll shops, creating a dynamic scene. Crowded with shoppers and domestic animals such as cattle andpoultry as well as rckshaws and taxis,this sectionbustles withactivity. There is fervent activity even on the smallest streets, and the bazaar is at its busies ithe morning. But do not walk along absent-mindedly for you are likely tobe nudged by  a cow or run over by a rckshaw – always be aware of what is around you!

ROYALPALACE AND ENVIRONS
The Royal palace that symbolizes nepal is an impressive modren building that can only  be viewed from witiout Unlike the bustle thast surrounds the old Royal. Palace, this palaceis surrounded by foreign restaurants and first class hotels. There are alsa a number of excellent clothing shops. Further north  past  the  palaceon kanti path are the foreign  embassies.since ancient times,thee kathmandu Bain included  several city – states like kathmandu. Amonge them, Patan and Bhadgaon, though not as active askathmandu,retain the elegance of old cities.

PATAN
This medieval town, celled Lalitpur in ancient times is about  5km south of Kathmandu; the two cities andwich the Bagamti River  between them. Patan  has an ancent history ad is said kto vave been built betwiin the  3rd and 4th centuris buy king Birendralin Dkurbar square( palace plaza),there are krishna Mandir Temple  made of stone, and in the red brick town tere are many historcal temples. Open air shops selling souvenirs in the palace plaza area are crowded with tourist but when you go out to the cultivated fields ,you experience and immediate tranquility. In the  town there ar many shops selling metal items  - these are such areistic handcrafted objects as statuary, sculpture, and metal carving, all created by sakya tribes men,many of whom live in patan. You may find it drivrting to walk to patan from kathmandu through the cultivated fields; it is an hour walk.

BHADGAON
This city,about 14km east of kathmandu, alsoknown as Bhaktapur,is and ancient city like patan that impartss a flavor of medieval times. It is said to have been established by king Ananda Deva in the9th century. In the palace plaza there arimany important building suchass the  old palace now converted into and art museumand the Golden Gate. In the halls and rooms of themandals, and esoteric ppaintings. A shot distance from the palace  is the five-story pagoda of Nyatapola Temple; it is and architectural structure built in 1708 which  is representative of Nepal.
West Germany has assisted in the restoration and presrvatiion o f Nepal’s important heritage; no doubt the assistance of many countries will be necessary in the fufture for  continued preservation. Bhadgaon is even more quietand tranquil than kathmandu or patan; it is a city whichshoulder the responsibility of transmitting a culturaltradition. You may satisfactorily tour the city in 1.5 hours;

SHOPPING GUIDE
Souvenirs of Nepal include khukhuri (daggers), masks, Nepalese hats,Tibetan jacker,kand carpets .the greatest variety and quantity may be found in the kathmandu bazaar between asan and indrachik. Leather goods imported from kashmir(India), jeweks,carpets,and other quality foods may be found in New road or around the palace .
Merchandise never bears price tags andprice are always higher for travellers. Thus you must haggle.bargain in aspirited, persistent ,ammer and the price will gradually be reduced by  some 30 to40 percent. However, ne aware that price of certain items cannnot be netotiated-certain daily necessities, tea and objects such as those made of gold where weight determines its value.

KHUKHURI:Symblic dagger of Gurka soldiers, used extensively by Gurung tribes. Be  awere of your country ‘s laws regarding importation of weapons, however.

MASKS:Papier-machemask representations of Hindu gods. Colorfully painted in reds and greens; excellent as wall decoration .there are also selling antique wood sculpture but  be aware that these items may be confiscated when you leave the country.

NEPALESE CAPS: A brimles hat called a “topi” ther are multi-colored caps or all black onces. Light and moderately priced, they are popular.

TANKA: buddhist paintings- the real  one are extremely valuable. Most sold in shops are simple paintings done for tourists           

CARPETS: Tibeten carpets of  yak wool or kashmir rugs of wool or silk are available. Kashmir silk rugs are most expensive. You may have rugs sent home hut the mail service is so  that it is best to carry them yourself . you  pay duty on very expensive item so be sure to have proof of purchasre made out.

JACKETS: Made of yak wool,they are excellent for retaining warmth. With sleevesor sleevless, they can be matched with a shoulder bag of the  same material.

PRECIOUS STONES: Most popular is golden topaz, inexpensive turquoise,and moonstone.it is safest to buy from jewerers on New road

OUTSKIRTS OF KATHMAUNDU
On the outskirts of kathmandu are many remples andruins of the Buddhistand Hindu riligions as well as excellent lookout point for the kathmandu Basin and the Himalayas. If time permits you should  visit asmany of these spots as possible.

SWAYAMBHUNATH: The oldest Buddhist  templeand lamasery said to have been built 2000 years ago is  atop a hill west of kathmandu.called the Monkey population. Large eyes painted on the stupa stare in all four directiion.

PASUPATINATH: Famous Hindu Temple dedicated to a shiva visited by  many pilgrim from india. On the opposite bank of the Bagmati which folwsnext to it os a small shrine also dedicated to shiva; enterance to this temple  is denied to those not of the Hindufaith.

BODHNATH:A lamasery 7km east of kathmandu .like swayambhunath it has astupa with large eyes painted on it .it is said to be the largest stupa in the world.there are mahy Tibetans living in this area;many souvenirs and folk crafts are sold here.

KAKANI: Asplendid lookour point for the Himalayas.about 30km northwest of kathmandu ,onamountain 2000melevation at the edge of the kathmandu Basin. Excellent views of Ganesh and langtang Himal; also commands view of kathmandu Basin.  

NAGARKOT:Located 35km east of kathmandu and 200m higher than kakani view of khumbu Himal to the  east, especially MT.Everest.

BUDHANILKANATH: Hindu temple 8km north of kathmandu. Recumbent figure of Vishnu protected by  large snakes.Other temples include Dakahin Kali and Dakken Kali other lookout points include Dhulikhel and Daman pass.there are also a wonderful zoo and garden. For these areas; it is most convenient to use taxis;if several people get together and hire one for the day, sightseeing may be accomplished most  efficiently.




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